Do you know them ? Katalin Kariko, Laurence Devillers, Esperanza Martinez Romero, Ritu Karidhal, or Catherine Ngila? No ? Coming from five continents, these women are however, today, at the origin of primordial innovations. Katalin Kariko is the inventor of messenger RNA technology used in vaccines against Covid-19. Laurence Devillers is a pioneer of ethical artificial intelligence, a decisive issue for the respect of our rights, freedoms and democracies in the digital age. Esperanza Martinez Romero has developed bacteria that increase productivity in agriculture while respecting the environment. With Ritu Karidhal, the India is the 4 thcountry to have successfully piloted an exploration mission to Mars. And Catherine Ngila puts nanotechnologies at the service of the analysis and elimination of pollutants in water, a decisive technology for the management of water resources in the world. The list is long of these often unrecognized women. And yet they are there! At the front! Each of them contributes to a vital struggle for all of us.
But the obstacles to overcome in order to achieve this are innumerable. From school, they must face the stereotypes according to which girls are less gifted than boys at maths, whereas scientific work clearly shows it: this is false. Result? Fewer women in scientific and technical studies, where they represent 34% of graduates worldwide [i] . This fall then worsens in the labor market, in particular because of sexism. Today, women represent only 28% of scientists and engineers internationally [ii] . For five years, in partnership with a growing number of associations and organizations, Gender Scan [iii]highlights persistent obstacles, but also early successes [iv] ! It is urgent to stop depriving ourselves of the skills of half of humanity, even as the severity of the challenges increases. It is urgent to take action.
Gender Scan, with a collective of several hundred organizations and associations in the world and ECLS [v] in France, suggests to governments a first simple measure: officially publish each year a national ranking of scientific and technical training, according to the proportion of female students graduating . Counting is essential. Scientists know it well, decision-makers in the public and private sectors too. Such a measure would make it possible to assess the capacity of university training in science and technology to attract and train the women needed for research and businesses. It would make it possible to identify and initiate the necessary corrective measures.
Stéphane Pallez, President of La Française des Jeux
Elisabeth Tchoungui, Executive Director CSR, Diversity, Solidarity of the Orange
Consuelo Benicourt Foundation , CSR Director of Sopra Steria
Nicolas Dufourcq, CEO of Bpifrance
Céline Calvez, Member of Parliament
Véronique Di Benedetto, Vice -President France of Econocom
Claudine Schmuck, author of Gender Scan
Didier Carré, president of G9 Plus
Guy Mamou Many, co-president of Open Groupe
Yves Bertrand, president of Société Informatique de France
Olivier Ezratty, author and co-founder of Some women digital!
Marie-Jo Zimmermann, former member …